Required Rate of Return Calculator
Quickly calculate the minimum return needed to justify an investment's risk with our Required Rate of Return Calculator. Evaluate investments confidently.
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Required Rate of Return Formula
The required rate of return (RR) is calculated using the following formula:
RR = RFR + B * (RM  RFR)
Where:
 RR is the required rate of return.
 RFR is the riskfree rate of return.
 B is the beta coefficient of the stock or asset.
 RM is the expected return of the market.
This formula helps investors determine the minimum return they require from an investment, considering its risk level compared to the market and the riskfree rate of return.
Required Rate of Return Meaning
The required rate of return (RR) is a critical concept in finance that represents the minimum return an investor expects to receive from an investment to compensate for the level of risk associated with it.
It is influenced by several factors:
 RiskFree Rate (RFR): The rate of return on a riskfree investment, such as government bonds. It represents the baseline return an investor could earn without taking any risk.
 Beta (B): The beta coefficient measures the volatility or systematic risk of a stock or asset relative to the market. A beta greater than 1 indicates higher volatility compared to the market, while a beta less than 1 indicates lower volatility.
 Expected Market Return (RM): The anticipated return from investing in the overall market. It reflects the average return investors expect to receive from all investments within the market.
The required rate of return helps investors assess the attractiveness of potential investments by comparing the expected return to the minimum return they demand based on the investment's risk profile. If the expected return is higher than the required rate of return, the investment may be considered worthwhile; otherwise, it may be deemed too risky.
Required Rate of Return vs Discount Rate
The required rate of return and the discount rate are both crucial concepts in finance, but they serve different purposes:
Required Rate of Return:
The required rate of return (RR) is the minimum return an investor expects to receive from an investment to compensate for its risk. It is used to evaluate the attractiveness of potential investments by comparing the expected return to the minimum return demanded by investors based on the investment's risk profile.
Key components of the required rate of return formula include the riskfree rate (RFR), beta coefficient (B), and expected market return (RM).
Discount Rate:
The discount rate is used in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis to determine the present value of future cash flows. It represents the rate at which future cash flows are discounted back to their present value.
The discount rate takes into account the time value of money, opportunity cost, and risk. It is often calculated based on the required rate of return adjusted for the specific risk profile of the investment.
While the required rate of return focuses on evaluating individual investments, the discount rate is used to assess the value of future cash flows across different time periods and investment opportunities.

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